1 Jul 2023

Domestic abuse statistics india


Domestic abuse remains a significant problem in India, and several statistics shed light on its prevalence:

National Family Health Survey (NFHS-5): The latest data from NFHS-5 (2019-2020) reveals that approximately 30% of married women in India have experienced physical, sexual, or emotional violence perpetrated by their spouses.

National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB): The NCRB collects data on reported cases of domestic violence. In 2019, more than 150,000 cases of cruelty by husbands or their relatives were reported under Section 498A of the Indian Penal Code.

Dowry-related Crimes: Dowry-related violence and deaths persist in India. In 2019, there were over 7,000 reported cases of dowry deaths and approximately 24,000 reported cases of dowry-related cruelty.

Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act (PWDVA): The PWDVA was enacted in 2005 to address domestic violence. Its implementation has led to an increase in reported cases, suggesting a growing awareness and willingness to seek legal remedies.

Underreporting: It is important to acknowledge that domestic abuse is often underreported due to social stigma, fear of retaliation, limited awareness about available legal protections, and cultural factors. Many instances of domestic violence go unreported and remain hidden.

Regional Variations: Rates of domestic abuse may vary across regions and communities in India. Factors such as education, economic status, and cultural practices can influence the prevalence and reporting of domestic violence.

These statistics represent reported cases, and it is likely that the actual prevalence of domestic abuse is higher. Domestic violence is a complex issue influenced by societal, cultural, and economic factors. Efforts are being made to address domestic abuse through awareness campaigns, legal reforms, and support services for survivors.

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