14 Mar 2021

What Exactly is Narcissistic Personality Disorder?



This one word "Narcissism" is spreading like a pandemic these days. There is so much mention of it everywhere. People suffering from narcissism or Narcissistic Personality Disorder are causing chaos in the lives of their loved ones especially children and spouse to the extent of causing various mental illnesses and sometimes personality disorders.

What exactly is this narcissism. Sometimes people use this word in rage for someone who has deeply hurt them or with whom they are angry or want to just call them a bad name. But narcissism is more than just being "a bad person". Narcissism is a real "Personality Disorder". It is complicated and poison for society. Let's see what it is.

According to psychologists, a person suffering from narcissistic personality disorder has an exaggerated sense of self-importance. They are preoccupied with seeking attention,  admiration. The most important trait is that they lack empathy.

According to specialists in the field of psychology, there are two types of Narcissists, Grandiose and Vulnerable.

Grandiose Narcissists: Their dominant traits are aggression, dominance, and grandiosity due to which they overestimate their and underestimate others' abilities. They possess a high sense of entitlement. They brag a lot about their achievements, qualities, capabilities, and talents, etc. For this type of Narcissist, their family is a victim of abuse and dysfunctionality as they are arrogant, demanding, aggressive, outspoken, hard-headed, assertive, and determined in close relationships. This type of Narcissist doesn't see any problem with them are happy with themselves. 

Vulnerable Narcissists: This type has a very fragile sense of self-esteem. They are hypersensitive towards criticism and rejection from the outside. They use arrogance and disdain to hide this shame. They fear intimacy and commitment which results from the fear of rejection and criticism by their intimate partner. Though they look absorbed with achievement and fantasies but in reality, they harbor profound shame about their ambition. Unlike the Grandiose, this type of Narcissist feels miserable about themselves as they have a high level of negative affectivity like worrying, emotional, defensive, anxiety, bitter, tense, and complaining.

Both of these show low modesty is arrogance, have a superiority complex and a sense of grandiosity(fantasy or behavior) along with low altruism, and low empathy beginning by early adulthood.

Diagnostic Criteria:-

A pervasive pattern of grandiosity (in fantasy or behavior), need for admiration, and lack of empathy, beginning by early adulthood and present in a variety of contexts, as indicated by FIVE (or more) of the following:
  1. Has a grandiose sense of self-importance (e.g., exaggerates achievements and talents, expects to be recognized as superior without commensurate achievements).
  2. Is preoccupied with fantasies of unlimited success, power, brilliance, beauty, or ideal love.
  3. Believes that he or she is "special" and unique and can only be understood by, or should associate with, other special or high-status people (or institutions).
  4. Requires excessive admiration.
  5. Has a sense of entitlement (i.e., unreasonable expectations of especially favorable treatment or autonomic compliance with his or her expectations).
  6. Is interpersonally exploitative (i.e., takes advantage of others to achieve his or her own ends).
  7. Lacks empathy: is unwilling to recognize or identify with the feelings and needs of others.
  8. Is often envious of others or believes that others are envious of him or her.
  9. Shows arrogant, haughty behaviors or attitudes.

Note:-The contents of this blog are for informational purposes only and, are not intended as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Please seek the advice of a qualified mental health professional with any questions you have regarding a medical health condition.

 

Reference: American Psychiatric Association, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th ed. (Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing, 2013).


Connect with me on Facebook for more blogs on such topics

Please fill this survey form https://forms.gle/bvKFE4XpaHUy7HFu7 and help me write a self-help book for restoring spiritual/religious faith in Battered Women.


17 Subtle Signs A Woman Is Romantically Interested In Your Partner.

8 Things Narcissists Do To Control Your Social Life.

 No, You Are Not Crazy! You Are Being Gaslighted.

14 Reasons Why Women Don't "Just Leave" Abusive relationships?

14 Signs Your Partner Is Controlling.

17 Signs Of A Controlling Manipulative Friend?

Why Does He Do That? What’s wrong with abusive men?

Do this to control your anger towards your kids.

Difference between Fear and Anxiety.

This Could Be The Reason Why Your Soul Is Exhausted.

Panic Attack: Simplified for the layman.

This is why people love your abuser while they hate you!

 32 Simple Reasons Why Someone is Not Texting You Back.

Holy Narcissists: 14 Reasons why narcissists hide in religious communities.

 Why Having A Baby Won't Fix Your Marriage.

20 Things Narcissists Say When They Are Gaslighting You.

 This will happen if you idealize your abusive parents.

What Is Love, and What Isn't?

 Trauma bonding : How your brain fools you into thinking that you are in love.

9 tips for surviving this valentine's without love from outside.

14 Ways to Find Out if Someone Has a Crush on You!

18 Things to do if you want to raise mentally and physically strong kids.

6 Tips for detoxing sibling bonds in dysfunctional families.

5 Things parents do to empower their daughters that actually harm them.

Shocking reasons why nobody respects you and 18 steps to fix it!

10 Steps to save your child from abuse at school. 

4 Tips For Protecting Your Child from Abuse at Day Care.

Forgiveness- What It Is, What It's Not!

16 Tips For Setting Boundaries with Adult Children.

"Burn Book" for EMOTIONAL AWARENESS.

Is ‎It ‎Better ‎To ‎Be ‎Single ‎Or ‎In ‎A ‎Relationship ‎With ‎A ‎Narcissist? ‏- ‏A ‎comparative ‎analysis ‎. ‏

20 Signs Someone Actually, Genuinely likes you.

13 Warning Signs of A Spiritual Narcissist and How To Deal With Them.

What Exactly is Narcissistic Personality Disorder?

13 Warning Signs Your Husband is Abusive & Outright Dangerous.

Should you stay friends with an ex?

The Narcissistic Family Tree

This Is Why Some People Cannot Help Being Sad And Miserable : If You Had Controlling Parents

10 Signs You Have a Lousy Spouse!

16 Tips for Dealing with your Toxic Parents

Protecting Children From Sexual Abuse| When You Are A Stay At Home Parent.

How To NOT Preach A Family With Domestic Violence Issues ?| A Word For Preachers and Clergy Men!

Why Is Spirituality Important?

What does Depression Looks like?

18 Tips For Happy, Anxiety Free And Peaceful Life Amidst The Covid Crisis.

14 Keys for Narcissists to Change Toward the Higher Self

Why You Might Feel Like the Most Emotional And Sensitive Person 

When Mothers Day Hurts : Dysfunctional Families

10 Ways In Which A Narcissist Makes You Regret Having A Conversation With Them.

10 Reasons Why You Cannot Heal While Still Being With A Narcissist. 

Words Of Assurance For New Moms In Narcissistic Dysfunctional Nuclear Families.

Co-parenting With A Narcissist

Happiness Only Money Can Buy For Narc Abuse Victims

How to survive love bombing?

No comments:

Post a Comment

Featured Posts

How Psychopaths Choose Their Victims AND HOW TO SAVE YOURSELF FROM THEM?

Ted Bundy, one of the most well-known female serial killers, claimed in one of the interviews that he could tell who would make a suitable v...